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The story of the grape "Calaulisi"

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The story of the grape
The name of the grape Nero d’Avola was born as "Calaulisi", mistranslated in Calabrese. "Calea" is a synonym of "Rracina" or grapes. "Aulisi" shows "Aula" that is the town of Avola in dialect. Ultimately Grape of Avola, or "Calea-Aulisi", and finally "Calaulisi". The origin of the name Nero d’Avola must to be contextualized in ancient times and is due to strictly commercial reasons. In fact, the merchants of the nineteenth century used it to their advantage the confusion on the synonym “Calabrese” because at the time the wines produced in Calabria enjoyed a better reputation than Sicilians. Although exporters of Sicilian wines in France found it easier to sell them as Calabrian wines, already in 1800 the red wines from grapes Nero d’ Avola in the Syracuse area had become highly sought by the same French traders, to give color and body to their wines. Particularly, the vineyards of Eastern Sicily express a Mediterranean flavor, rich of fruity and spicy notes. The leaf of Nero d’Avola is large, orbicular, entire. The bunch is medium, conical in shape, with a wing. The berries are medium-sized, oval-shaped. The skin is rather rich in bloom, blue in color, very resistant and of medium thickness. The training which favors are the espalier or the sapling. The production is smooth, and a short pruning is favourite. Very resistant to fungal diseases and bad weather. It gives a distinctly alcoholic wine, with good body and acidity. It is vinified alone or blended with other native Sicilians, generally Frappato of Vittoria or Nerello Mascalese. It’s in some DOC including Marsala, Santa Margherita di Belice, Cerasuolo, County Sclafani, Memphis, Sambuca di Sicilia, Eloro. Sometimes it is used with wines such as Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and especially with Syrah, combination which is giving excellent results. Today the wines Nero d’Avola are among the most popular in Italy and boast about 12.000 hectares of lands as the locations of Eloro, Noto and Pachino in the province of Syracuse.
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